A. Goals and Objectives: (continued)
3. To introduce entrepreneurship education and training in all voca-
tional and education programs;
4. To increase the ability of vocational and adult education to enhance
the training of the workforce through educational technology.
o To submit to Congress the mandated annual report.
B. Progress andAccomplishments:
o Ten regional seminars were conducted to promote discussion, analysis
and implementation of the NAS report. Follow-on activities are planned
for FY 1985.
o Three task forces established under goals 2, 3, and 4 are in the process
of disseminating and implementing findings.
0 The Secretary's Annual Vocational Education Report, FY 1983 was submitted
to Congress on June 23, 1984.
C. Costs, Benefits, and Effectiveness:
Using the most recent data from the Vocational Education Data System (VEDS),
the Secretary's report to Congress includes aggregate course enrollments
for various categories. Although the VEDS data are of poor quality (for
example, there is double counting), the data show:
Enrollment Estimates: Total enrollments in vocational education in 1981-82
were estimated as 16.8 million, including nearly 10.3 million secondary
and 6.5 million postsecondary and adult enrollments.
Because of the poor quality of the data for handicapped and disadvantaged
student enrollments, no new data were reported for 1981-82.
Types of Services Provided; Basic Grants funds have been used to de-
velop and implement programs in new and emerging occupations or in areas
of critical skill shortage. Many States also use Basic Grants funds for
replacing outdated materials or equipment and for remodeling facilities (E.4),
States have used their Program Improvement and Supportive Services funds
for such activities as developing materials to promote sex equity in
vocational education, innovative career counseling programs, in-service
training and professional development for instructors and administra-
tors, development of vocational programs in new and emerging occupations
and applied research (E.4).
Effectiveness: Evaluation studies equating the value of vocational educa-
tion in terms of labor market experiences of high school students generally
report mixed results. Although relatively few postsecondary studies exist,
these show more impressive results, particularly for blacks and certain
program areas. Plans for ProgramImprovement and Recommendations for Legislation